Monte-Carlo simulations. Monte-Carlo techniques allow
you to simply test complicated and messy models. Question:
If you flip a coin, how often do you get three heads in a
row? Answer Let's do a million flips on the computer and
see! [Source]
Applying Monte-Carlo Simulations to testing Optimality
Theory.
Week 5
Applying Monte-Carlo Simulations to testing Optimality
Theory.
Week 6
Good-Turing Estimation: how to estimate the probability
that the Sun will not rise tomorrow, or other rare events.
How do you compute the probability that the word
``immunological'' will appear in the next sentence, given a
small corpus of text? [Source]
Week 7
Bootstrap
resampling: An easy-to-remember but computer-intensive
way to look at complex problems or to handle non-Gaussian
data. [Source]